Water quality, surprising yields among top 2017 ag stories

Unlike crop prices, some livestock prices rose in 2017. (Express file photo)

     The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, on Dec. 26, highlighted some of the top ag issues in Iowa in 2017.

   “While the challenging economic conditions on the farm continued in 2017, I was extremely encouraged to continue to see farmers experimenting and investing in water quality efforts on their farm,” said Bill Northey, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture.

     “We continue to see Iowans on the farm and in our communities taking on the challenge of improving water quality. It is encouraging to see growth by farmers in both infield practices, such as cover crops and no-till, but also edge of field practices, like wetlands and bioreactors, as we work to address this important issue.”

   “In many cases, Iowa farmers saw surprisingly good yields this year, but with that strong supply we continue to see low prices,” said Mike Naig, Iowa Deputy Secretary of Agriculture. “That highlights again how important it is we continue to build demand for our ag products, both domestically and internationally.  A strong livestock industry, expanding use of renewable fuels and promoting international trade are all vitally important.”

Weather challenges,

surprising yields

   In general, Iowa farmers had pretty good yields despite some weather challenges. Parts of the state were in abnormally dry or drought conditions for significant parts of the growing season, with south central and southeast Iowa being the hardest hit areas.

   Despite the weather challenges, Iowa corn production is forecast at 2.54 billion bushels according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Production report. This would be second largest Iowa crop on record, only beaten by last year’s record of 2.74 billion bushels. The statewide average yield is expected to be 197 bushels per acre.

   Soybean production is forecast at 557 million bushels for Iowa, which would be the second largest crop on record. The statewide yield forecast is 56 bushels per acre.

   Low crop prices over the past few years has made it a challenging time on the farm economically as in many cases current prices are below the cost of production for farmers. Average statewide corn prices continued to fall and the statewide average for November was $2.9985, which is down from $3.008 last November. Statewide average soybean prices for November were $9.0412, which is down from $9.25 last year.

   While still a challenging year economically for Iowa livestock farmers, they have seen some better prices and lower feed costs. Cattle prices were at $109 per hundred weight in October, up from $101 per hundred weight last year. Hog prices were at $47.30 in October, up from $41.70 last year.

   Iowa egg production in October 2017 was 1.33 billion eggs, up 4 percent from last month, and up 3 percent from last year, according to the latest Chickens and Eggs report from the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. The average number of all layers on hand during October 2017 was 55.5 million, up 3 percent from last year. Egg prices have recovered some from last year and were at $.68 per dozen in October, up from just $.21 per dozen last year.

   There were also 12.1 million turkeys raised in Iowa in 2017. Iowa currently ranks seventh in US turkey production. 

   Milk production in Iowa during October 2017 totaled 437 million pounds, up 4 percent from the previous October. Iowa was home to 219,000 milk cows in October, which is 4,000 more than last year. Monthly production per cow averaged 1,995 pounds, up 40 pounds from last October. The October all milk price of $17.90 per cwt is 10 cents higher than September and $1.20 higher than October 2016.

   Iowa also continues to see growth in new areas as well, including 242 goat dairies and approximately 60 aquaculture producers.

   The farm economy remains challenged by the low prices, but land prices have stabilized and increased by 2 percent over the past year according to Iowa State University’s annual land value survey.

   In addition, exports remain strong and critically important to the state’s agriculture industry.  Iowa leads the nation in exports of pork ($1.98 billion), corn ($1.39 billion) and feed grain ($1.50 billion) and second in soybean exports ($2.51 billion) and is second in the nation for overall value of agricultural exports. To help continue to grow exports, Northey participated in trade missions to China and Kosovo, and Naig participated in a trade mission to Mexico.

Iowa Water Quality Initiative

   The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship is continuing to expand efforts to work with all Iowans to make water quality improvements.

   The Department announced an innovative new program aimed at increasing acres of cover crops in the state. Iowa farmers who plant cover crops this fall (2017) may be eligible for a $5 per acre premium reduction on their crop insurance in 2018. The IowaDepartment of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) worked with the USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA), who oversees the federal crop insurance program, to establish this three year demonstration project.

   The Department also had more than 2,600 farmers signed up to try cover crops, no-till/strip-till or nitrification inhibitors on more than 270,000 acres in 98 counties.  The state will provide nearly $4.8 million in cost share funds to match the $8.7 million investment by Iowa farmers.  This record participation in the program includes more than 1000 first-time participants.

   Iowa farmers planted more than 353,000 acres of cover crops with financial assistance from state and federal conservation programs in the fall of 2016 – nearly 18 percent more than the previous year. Based on statewide surveys and aerial imagery completed by conservation groups this spring, it is estimated Iowa farmers planted at least 600,000 cover crop acres last fall.

   There are also currently 56 existing demonstration projects located across the state to help implement and demonstrate water quality practices through the initiative. More than 220 organizations are participating in these projects.  These partners will provide $32.3 million dollars to go with over $21.7 million in state funding going to these projects.

   More information about the initiative can be found at www.CleanWaterIowa.org.



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